BREXIT (page updated 23 02 2021)
|DAFM webinar importing animal feed was held on 19 Feb 2021. The Presentations and videos are available to download or watch here>>
Presentations: Paul Vickers - Importing animal feed from outside the EU | Eva Gethings - Medicated Feed | Justin Byrne - Animal by-products | Ruth Sanders - Veterinary controls | John Higgins - Product of animal origin, hay & straw | Ray Ryan - Rules of Origin
Videos: Paul Vickers - How to import animal feed from outside the EU in post Brexit era | Eva Gethings - Watch this short six minute video on how to import medicated feed from UK after Brexit | Justin Byrne - How to import animal by-products (ABPs) from outside the EU since Brexit | Ruth Sanders - Six-minute explainer on the official veterinary controls needed for import of animal feed | John Higgins - How to import products of animal origin, including hay and straw – after Brexit | Ray Ryan - Rules of Origin explainer from Revenue
Q & A
GENERAL BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW OF BREXIT
EU and the UK spent over two years from June 2017 to October 2019 negotiating the terms of the UK's withdrawal from the EU. During that time, the EU and the UK also negotiated the general terms of their future relationship.
The United Kingdom then left the European Union on the basis of the Withdrawal Agreement, which was agreed and ratified by both sides, and entered into force on 1 February 2020. The Withdrawal Agreement contains, amongst others, provisions on citizens' rights, the financial settlement and a legally operative solution to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland, protecting the all-island economy and the Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement in all its dimensions while safeguarding the integrity of the EU's Single Market. The rigorous, timely and full implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement was always a key priority for the EU.
Following on from this negotiation on Trade and Cooperation Agreement formally (the deal) began on Monday, 2 March 2020. Nine formal rounds of negotiations were held in Brussels, London, and via videoconference (due to the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic) between March 2020 and October 2020. From that point onwards, negotiations were intensified, with contacts taking place on a daily basis, seven days a week. On the EU side, the negotiations were led by the European Commission's Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier and the Task Force for Relations with the United Kingdom (UKTF) together with all Commission services. Negotiations were based on negotiating directives set by the Council, taking into account the resolutions of the European Parliament.
On 9 September 2020, the UK government published the Internal Market Bill, which would have enabled the United Kingdom to unilaterally suspend parts of the Withdrawal Agreement, and notably of the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. This bill was in clear breach of the Withdrawal Agreement – and therefore international law. As a result, on 1 October 2020, the Commission sent the United Kingdom a letter of formal notice for breaching its obligations under the Withdrawal Agreement. This marked the beginning of a formal infringement process. The European Parliament also signalled that it would not give its consent to any agreement on a future partnership if the UK went forward with this proposal.
On 17 December 2020, the EU-UK Joint Committee met to endorse all formal decisions and other practical solutions related to the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement. As part of these mutually agreed solutions, the UK has agreed to withdraw the contentious clauses of the UK Internal Market Bill, and will not introduce any similar provisions in the Taxation Bill. Thanks to intensive discussions between the EU and the UK in the Joint Committee and the various Specialised Committees, the Withdrawal Agreement – and the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, in particular – will be implemented on 1 January 2021.
Finally, and in summary on 1 January 2021, the United Kingdom will lose all the rights and obligations it had as an EU Member State. It will no longer benefit from seamless access to the EU Single Market and Customs Union, or from EU policies and international agreements (including its free trade agreements with other third countries). This will create new barriers to trade in goods and services, and to cross-border mobility and exchanges that do not exist today – in both directions. However, the new agreement (deal) will serve to limit disruptions compared to a situation without an agreement being in place, (source Eu Commission see link)