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Animal Feed Legislation and Guidance (updated Oct 2019)
Legislation on animal feed is harmonised at European Union (EU) level. It applies to feed for food-producing animals, including farmed fish, horses and rabbits and also to feed for non-food producing animals. The legislation is amended regularly in response to various initiatives by the European Institutions, the Commission, and individual Member States. We will endeavour to keep this page updated in the light of these amendments. IGFA are providing this page to members in good faith to aid companies understand their legal requirements but cannot cover every situation. As this is only a guide, members should consult the legislation per se and/or consider obtaining legal advice prior to acting to avoid any reliance upon it and if more detailed information is required for their specific business activities. Some Important Links: DAFM | European Food Safety Authority | RASFF |EU Register of authorised GMOs

FEED ISSUES '19 JAN | FEB | MAR |APR | MAY | JUN | JUL | AUG | SEP | OCT | NOV | DEC |
FEED ISSUES '18 JAN | FEB | MAR |APR | MAY | JUN | JUL | AUG | SEP | OCT | NOV | DEC |
   
FEED HYGIENE
Code of Practice
R 178/2002 General principles of food law which includes Feed Law, articles 15, 16,17,18 & 20 relate to Feed. A paper “Safe food and animal feed” summarising Regulation 178/2002 is available on the Commission website.
  R 183/2005 Consolidated version (Oct 2015) laying down requirements for feed hygiene
SI 432/2009 Eu Feed Hygiene transposed into Irish Law
   
FEED LABELLING
Code of Practice
The rules on the marketing of feed materials and compound feed are established in R 767/2009 consolidated version (Dec 2017) on the placing on the market and use of feed.
  Included in this regulation are permitted tolerances for compositional labelling of feed materials and tolerances for feed additives (see annex iv)
   
FEED MATERIALS R 2017/1017 latest version (June 2017)
Feed materials are defined as "products of vegetable or animal origin, whose principal purpose is to meet animals’ nutritional needs, in their natural state, fresh or preserved, and products derived from the industrial processing thereof, and organic or inorganic substances, whether or not containing feed additives, which are intended for use in oral animal-feeding either directly as such, or after processing, or in the preparation of compound feed, or as carrier of premixtures"
   
FEED ADDITIVES
Code of Practice


Iodine Calculator
Background Feed Levels
EU Feed Additives Register Feed additive are allocated to one or more of the following categories, depending on functions & properties:-Technological, Nutritional. Zootechnical, Sensory, Coccidiostats and Histomonostats. Labelling Feed Additives and Premixtures: Article 29 of Regulation 767/2009
R 1831/2003 Rules for authorisation of additives- Latest consolidated version (July 2019)
R 429/2008
Rules as regards the preparation and the presentation of applications and the assessment and the authorisation of feed additives
R 892/2010 Sets out that certain substances or product types are not feed additives within the scope of Regulation 1831/2003
Commission Recommendation 25/2011 Establishes guidelines for the distinction between feed materials, feed additives, biocidal products and veterinary medicinal products.

   
UNDESIRABLES Dir 2002/32consolidated version (July 2019)
"Undesirable substances" in EU legislation on animal nutrition means any substance or product, with the exception of pathogenic agents, present in and/or on the product intended for animal feed which presents a potential danger to human health, animal health or the environment or do not adversely affect livestock production, eg dioxins, heavy metals, mycotoxins etc. Several Commission Recommendations have been adopted in relation to the presence of mycotoxins, in particular ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins, T-2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal products intended for animal feed.
   
GENETICALLY MODIFIED FEED
Guidance Document
EU Register of Authorised GMO's | Paper summarising R 1829/2003 | Paper summarising 1830/2003
R619/2011 Sampling and Analysis. This regulation also provides for a "technical solution" that introduces a 0.1% threshold for the low level presence (LLP) of EU non-authorised GM material in imported feed materials. The GM material concerned must (reference Article 2 (a)):- be authorised for commercialisation in a third country;  have a valid application submitted under Regulation 1829/2003;  have been subject to the EU authorisation procedure for more than 3 months with no adverse effect identified by EFSA; & have a validated and published method of analysis.

GMO authorisation Dossier are submitted in the form of EFSA questions. Track all applications on this link. In the “Unit filter”, choose the GMO Unit and then type the event you are interested in into the “keyword” field and press “search”.  It will give you an update on the event you are interested in and what stage EFSA has reached with the Opinion. In general now the Commission does not delay once the opinion is positive.
   
DIETETIC FEED Dir 2008/38/EC Latest consolidated version (Oct 2014)
Dietetic feeds are feedingstuffs intended for particular nutritional purposes (PNP).
Feed intended for particular nutritional purposes may only be marketed as such if its intended use is included in a list set out in this directive.

   
MEDICATED FEED Medicated feed contains a premix of veterinary medicines and requires veterinary prescription. Sometimes, it is the most effective way for a farmer to give medicine to his livestock
The Commission regulated the conditions for mixing veterinary medicine into feed, its marketing and use across the EU in Directive 90/167/EEC. After four years of intense negotiation, the new medicated feed Regulation has been published
R 2019/4. It shall apply from 28 January 2022.


Irish Regulation (SI No. 176/1994)
HPRA (Irish Products Regulatory Authority)
   
ANIMAL BY PRODUCTS
European Renders Association Guidance
Animal By products are animal carcasses or products of animal origin that are not intended for human consumption. The TSE Regulation and the Animal By-Product (ABP) Regulation prevent the use of most animal proteins in feed for  food-producing animals.
R 999/2001 production and placing on the market of live animals and products of animal origin and in certain specific cases to exports.
R 1069/2009 consolidated (2013) lays down the health rules as regards animal by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption.
R 142/2011(2017) consolidated implementing Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009
R 2017/893 Use of insect processed animal proteins (insect PAPs) in feed for aquaculture animals
   
PESTCIDES The traces pesticides leave in treated products are called "residues".
A maximum residue level (MRL) is the highest level of a pesticide residue that is legally tolerated in or on food or feed when pesticides are applied correctly (Good Agricultural Practice). Regulation (EC) No. 396/2005 consolidated version includes the MRLs for unprocessed products of vegetable and animal origin intended for human consumption and for feed. The MRLs apply to both feed for food-producing animals and for non-food-producing animals. Regulation 2018/62 amends  Annex 1  which defines products to which MRLs apply.
Directive 2002/32, Annex I, section IV contains MRLs for certain specific Organochloricides.
EU Pesticides database: This database is created by the European Commission and can be consulted on Commissions website to search for the MRLs applicable to each pesticide and to each crop/product of animal origin. In this database you will,  find MRLs for unprocessed products. This means that a number of calculations must be carried out both for the determination of the MRL in a processed/derived product (for example, sunflower oil, maize gluten meal) and for the determination in composite products (for example complete feed for young chickens, complementary feed for cattle).
   
OFFICIAL CONROLS EU official control rules are a key element of the governance of the agri-food chain in Europe, which are recognised world-wide as an example of best practice. These rules provide national enforcers and the Commission with the necessary powers to ensure effective enforcement of regulatory requirements, and with mechanisms that allow the full cooperation of all parties involved in ensuring the correct application of the law across national borders
R 882/2004 Official controls regulation ie the principles to be followed in the enforcement of the EU controls on feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules.
R 669/2009 - consolidated version (2017) implements R882/2004
R 152/2009 - consolidated version (2017) sets out the official methods for sampling and analysis of feed

R 2017/625 New Official Controls Regulation (OCR) entered into force April 2017 and will start to apply from 14th December 2019 They will replace R882/2004