R 178/2002 General principles of food law which includes Feed Law, articles 15, 16,17,18 & 20 relate to Feed.
A paper “Safe food and animal feed” summarising Regulation 178/2002 is available on the Commission website.
R 183/2005 Consolidated version (Oct 2015) laying down requirements for feed hygiene
SI 432/2009 Eu Feed Hygiene transposed into Irish Law
|European feed manufacturers guide (EFMC)
The rules on the marketing of feed materials and compound feed are established in R 767/2009 on the placing on the market and use of feed.
Included in this regulation are permitted tolerances for compositional labeling of feed materials and tolerances for feed additives (see annex iv)
|Labelling code for compound feed
Feed materials are defined as "products of vegetable or animal origin, whose principal purpose is to meet animals’ nutritional needs, in their natural state, fresh or preserved, and products derived from the industrial processing thereof, and organic or inorganic substances, whether or not containing feed additives, which are intended for use in oral animal-feeding either directly as such, or after processing, or in the preparation of compound feed, or as carrier of premixtures"
|Background minerals in feed materials
All authorised feed additives are listed in Annex I of the EU Feed Additives Register. Feed additives are allocated to one or more of the following categories, depending on functions & properties:-Technological, Nutritional. Zootechnical, Sensory, Biostatistics and Histomonostats.
The register provides information about animals for which the additive has been authorised and the relevant conditions for use. Certain restrictions may include setting maximum permitted levels or for use in drinking water.
R 1831/2003 Rules for authorization of additives-labeling update see article 29 R 767/2009
R 429/2008 Rules as regards the preparation and the presentation of applications and the assessment and the authorization of feed additives (for more details of authorisation process see link)
R 892/2010 Sets out that certain substances or product types are not feed additives within the scope of Regulation 1831/2003
Commission Recommendation 25/2011 Establishes guidelines for the distinction between feed materials, feed additives, biocidal products and veterinary medicinal products.
Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 May 2002 on undesirable substances in animal feed latest consolidated version was published in (November 2019).
"Undesirable substances" in EU legislation on animal nutrition means any substance or product, with the exception of pathogenic agents, present in and/or on the product intended for animal feed which presents a potential danger to human health, animal health or the environment or do not adversely affect livestock production, eg dioxins, heavy metals, mycotoxins etc. Several Commission Recommendations have been adopted in relation to the presence of mycotoxins, in particular ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins, T-2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal products intended for animal feed.
|GENETICALLY MODIFIED FEED
EU Register of Authorized GMO's | Paper summarising R 1829/2003 | Paper summarising 1830/2003
R619/2011 Sampling and Analysis. This regulation also provides for a "technical solution" that introduces a 0.1% threshold for the low level presence (LLP) of EU non-authorised GM material in imported feed materials. The GM material concerned must (reference Article 2 (a)):- be authorized for commercialisation in a third country; have a valid application submitted under Regulation 1829/2003; have been subject to the EU authorisation procedure for more than 3 months with no adverse effect identified by EFSA; &
have a validated and published method of analysis.
GMO authorisation Dossier are submitted in the form of EFSA questions. Track all applications on this link. In the “Unit filter” choose the GMO Unit and then type the event you are interested in into the “keyword” field and press “search”. It will give you an update on the event you are interested in and what stage EFSA has reached with the Opinion. In general now the Commission does not delay once the opinion is positive.
|EU GMO legislation guidance
Dir 2008/38/EC Latest consolidated version (Oct 2014)
Dietetic feeds are feeding-stuffs intended for particular nutritional purposes (PNP).
Feed intended for particular nutritional purposes may only be marketed as such if its intended use is included in a list set out in this directive.
Medicated feed contains a premix of veterinary medicines and requires veterinary prescription. Sometimes, it is the most effective way for a farmer to give medicine to his livestock
The Commission regulated the conditions for mixing veterinary medicine into feed, its marketing and use across the EU in Directive 90/167/EEC. After four years of intense negotiation, the new medicated feed Regulation has been published
R 2019/4. It shall apply from 28 January 2022.
Irish Regulation (SI No. 176/1994)
HPRA (Irish Products Regulatory Authority)
|Responsible Use of Antimicrobials on Dairy Farms | Responsible Use of Antimicrobials on Pig Farms
Animal By products are animal carcasses or products of animal origin that are not intended for human consumption.
The TSE Regulation and the Animal By-Product (ABP) Regulation prevent the use of most animal proteins in feed for food-producing animals.
R 999/2001 production and placing on the market of live animals and products of animal origin and in certain specific cases to exports.
R 1069/2009 consolidated (2013) lays down the health rules as regards animal by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption.
R 142/2011(2017) consolidated implementing Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009
R 2017/893 Use of insect processed animal proteins (insect PAPs) in feed for aquaculture animals
|European renders association guidance
Approval of active substances: Regulation 1107/2009 lays down rules for the authorisation of active substances and plant protective products (PPP).
Maximum residue levels (MRLs):
The traces of pesticides left in treated products are called "residues". A MRL is the highest level of a pesticide residue that is legally tolerated in or on food or feed when pesticides are applied correctly using good agricultural practice (GAP).
Regulation 396/2005 provides for the setting and harmonisation of MRLs of all active substances approved for use on food or feed in the EU. MRLs are essentially trading limits. They are set well below the safety limits of ADI (average daily intake), acute reference doses or no observable adverse effect. The EU Commission does not have resources to set MRLs for feed see
foot note 1. in Annex 1 of 396/2005 which states that MRLs do not apply to products or part of products that by their characteristics and nature are used exclusively as ingredients of animal feed, until separate MRLs are set in the specific category 1200000. This does not mean feed business can ignore MRL's.
(Note undesirables directive 2002/32, Annex I, section IV contains MRLs for certain specific Organochloricides).
EU Pesticides database: In this database you can look up MRLs for unprocessed products.
a number of further calculations must be carried out both for the determination of the MRL in a processed/derived product eg. sunflower oil, maize gluten meal and for the determination in composite products eg. complete feed for young chickens, complementary feed for cattle
|Guide to looking up pesticide active substances and MRL's by commodity
EU official control rules are a key element of the governance of the agri-food chain in Europe, which are recognised world-wide as an example of best practice. These rules provide national enforcers and the Commission with the necessary powers to ensure effective enforcement of regulatory requirements, and with mechanisms that allow the full cooperation of all parties involved in ensuring the correct application of the law across national borders
R 882/2004 Official controls regulation ie the principles to be followed in the enforcement of the EU controls on feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules.
R 669/2009 - consolidated version (2017) implements R882/2004
R 152/2009 - consolidated version (2017) sets out the official methods for sampling and analysis of feed
|NEW OFFICIAL CONTROLS (Overview Video)
R 2017/625 New Official Controls Regulation (OCR or 625 for short) entered into force April 2017 and will start to apply from 14th December 2019. It will replace R882/2004. It will form the basis for changes to our national official controls legislation, including S.I. 117 of 2010 (Food) and S.I. 432 of 2009 (Feed). It covers Official Controls and Other Official Activities. It has a wider scope than R882/2004 and covers controls in the whole of the agri-food chain. It will be supplemented by additional legislation known as Implementing and Delegated Acts, or tertiary legislation. S.I. No. 22 of 2020 has been published 31st January 2020.